Spring autowire multiple beans of same type

Hi, There is also the javax. Priority annotation that can be used to select the right bean specifically when more than two beans implement the same interface.

What to do if I want to get bean of the class which is not marked Primary? Another way is to : Autowired private CustomerService customerServiceImpl1; this will do the name resolution. Thursday, August 1, Spring - Autowiring multiple beans of the same type and Primary annotation. An error message along these lines is typically what is seen at startup: org.

This annotation indicates that the target bean should be given precedence when autowiring by type. This begs the question, what happens if more than one bean of the same type is annotated with Primary, well Spring will raise an exception like before. Primary is expected to be applied on only bean of a specific type. Primary is also supported in Java Configuration, so Bean methods can also be tagged with Primary to indicate the higher precedence.

spring autowire multiple beans of same type

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Dileep naik June 24, at AM. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information.

A request before you mark it as duplicate. I have gone through the forum and couldn't find the solution for the problem anywhere. I am writing a code using Spring 3. But because there are multiple XSDs involved, we cannot actually using one Un-marshaller.

So we need around five of them. That means A1Unmarshaller is autowired to C1 and so on. When the Spring context is built, it throws an error saying it expected one bean of type Jaxb2Marshaller and got five.

Please help. The default autowiring is by type, not by name, so when there is more than one bean of the same type, you have to use the Qualifier annotation.

Simply specify multiple context paths by using the setContextPaths methods. Does the job too. I suggest you use the later one! See why. Learn more. Required Multiple beans of same type in Spring Ask Question. Asked 7 years, 1 month ago. Active 3 years, 5 months ago.

Viewed 53k times. Could you please post the exception and the code of the bean where you inject the Jaxb2Marshaller.

Guide to Spring @Autowired

And maybe the relevant parts of old XML configuration "that worked fine". Are you adding the appropriate Qualifier s to Cn? I am not putting any Qualifier.

spring autowire multiple beans of same type

I have added the code you asked for. It should work fine if you call setContextPath "package. Active Oldest Votes.

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You should qualify your autowired variable to say which one should be injected Autowired Qualifier "A1Unmarshaller" private Jaxb2Marshaller A1Unmarshaller; The default autowiring is by type, not by name, so when there is more than one bean of the same type, you have to use the Qualifier annotation. Bruce Lowe Bruce Lowe 5, 1 1 gold badge 31 31 silver badges 43 43 bronze badges. Links Jaxb2Marshaller javadoc setContextPaths javadoc. Deinum M.

Deinum 88k 18 18 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. This help me a lot, thx! Injection using Resource annotation is what you're looking for. Resource "A1Unmrshaller" Does the job too.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information.

Spring Boot - @Component, @Service, @Repository, @Configuration, @Bean, @Controller, @RestController

I have a class which wraps a connection pool, the class gets its connection details from a spring configuration as shown below:. This bean is later used in a service and is autowired with the Autowire annotation.

My question is, how can i duplicate this bean and give it different connection details and then Autowire it in the service. You can combine Autowired with Qualifierbut in this case instead of AutowiredI suggest using Resource :. Learn more. Autowiring two different beans of same class Ask Question. Asked 9 years, 10 months ago. Active 1 year ago.

Viewed 47k times. Ashish Kamble 1, 1 1 gold badge 15 15 silver badges 23 23 bronze badges. Noam Nevo Noam Nevo 2, 9 9 gold badges 30 30 silver badges 48 48 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Also, if also using a JEE app server e. JBossit will also try to process Resource and everything will break. OrangeDog: I use this with JBoss without any issues. JBoss 5 will definitely try to satisfy the resources even if Spring already has done. It might get it right, but you still probably don't want it to try.

I used the second option with tomcat and spring at it worked fine. Can you please justify. OrangeDog OrangeDog Based on docs. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown.

The Overflow Blog. Podcast Ben answers his first question on Stack Overflow. The Overflow Bugs vs. Featured on Meta. Responding to the Lavender Letter and commitments moving forward. Linked 2. Related Hot Network Questions.Spring provides a way to automatically detect the relationships between various beans. This can be done by declaring all the bean dependencies in Spring configuration file. The default mode is no. This option enables autowire based on bean names. Spring looks up the configuration file for a matching bean name.

If found, this bean is injected in the property. However, if no such bean is found, an error is raised. This option enables the autowire based on bean type. It injects the property if such bean is found; otherwise, an error is raised. If exactly one bean of the constructor argument type is not present in the container, a fatal error will be raised. First, it will look for valid constructor with arguments. Note: Autodetect functionality will work with the 2. It will not work from 3.

After that, we will initialize this property value in the Spring bean configuration file. Now, looking at the Spring bean configuration file, it is the main part of any Spring application. Now, our Spring application is ready with all types of Spring autowiring.

In the above program, we are just creating the Spring application context and using it to get different beans and printing the employee details. Moreover, it can autowire the property in a particular bean. We must first enable the annotation using below configuration in the configuration file.

If you are using Java-based configuration, you can enable annotation-driven injection by using below spring configuration:. We have enabled annotation injection. This is how it eliminates the need for getters and setters.

We have looked at examples using different modes which are:. You can download the complete source code of this post from GitHub. See the original article here. Thanks for visiting DZone today.The canonical reference for building a production grade API with Spring.

Starting with Spring 2. The main annotation of this feature is Autowired. Afterward, we'll talk about resolving bean conflicts using Qualifier annotation, as well as potential exception scenarios. The Spring framework enables automatic dependency injection.

This is called Spring bean autowiring. As a result, when we run this Spring Boot application, it will automatically scan the components in the current package and its sub-packages. Thus it will register them in Spring's Application Context, and allow us to inject beans using Autowired.

After enabling annotation injection, we can use autowiring on properties, setters, and constructors. This eliminates the need for getters and setters. Then, we'll inject this bean into the FooService bean using Autowired on the field definition:. As a result, Spring injects fooFormatter when FooService is created. In the following example, the setter method is called with the instance of FooFormatter when FooService is created:.

We'll see that an instance of FooFormatter is injected by Spring as an argument to the FooService constructor:. When a bean is being constructed, the Autowired dependencies should be available. Otherwise, if Spring cannot resolve a bean for wiring, it will throw an exception.

Consequently, it prevents the Spring container from launching successfully with an exception of the form:. By default, Spring resolves Autowired entries by type. If more than one bean of the same type is available in the container, the framework will throw a fatal exception. For instance, let's see how we can use the Qualifier annotation to indicate the required bean. In our example, there are two concrete implementations of Formatter available for the Spring container. We can avoid this by narrowing the implementation using a Qualifier annotation:.

When there are multiple beans of the same type, it's a good idea to use Qualifier to avoid ambiguity. Please note that the value of the Qualifier annotation matches with the name declared in the Component annotation of our FooFormatter implementation.

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Spring also allows us to create our own custom Qualifier annotation.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I have a Spring 2. There is the following bean, which is used throughout the application in many places. DeviceDao] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: [deviceDao, jdbcDeviceDao]. I don't have to make changes to existing classes, which already have the HibernateDeviceDao autowired.

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Indicates whether or not this bean should be considered when looking for matching candidates to satisfy another bean's autowiring requirements. Note that this does not affect explicit references by name, which will get resolved even if the specified bean is not marked as an autowire candidate. Apparently my interpretation was not correct, though, as this results in the following error message when starting the server:. Unsatisfied dependency of type [class com. JdbcDeviceDao]: expected at least 1 matching bean.

So the configuration has autowire-candidate set to false for jdbcDeviceDao and when using the jdbcDeviceDao I refer to it using the Resource annotation instead of Qualifier :. This way it will be selected as the default autowire candididate, with no need to autowire-candidate on the other bean.

Also, rather than using Autowired QualifierI find it more elegant to use Resource for picking specific beans, i. What about Primary? Indicates that a bean should be given preference when multiple candidates are qualified to autowire a single-valued dependency.

If exactly one 'primary' bean exists among the candidates, it will be the autowired value. Primary is also great for integration testing when you can easily replace production bean with stubbed version by annotating it. For Spring 2. The only way is to use Qualifier.

The more detail explanation can be found here: Inject and Resource and Autowired annotations. In this case, different child class inherited from the parent class or interface confuses Autowire, because they are from same type; As Resource use Name as first matching priorityit works. Learn more. Autowiring two beans implementing same interface - how to set default bean to autowire? Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 5 months ago.

Active 8 months ago. Viewed k times. Background: I have a Spring 2. DeviceDao] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: [deviceDao, jdbcDeviceDao] from a class trying to autowire the bean like this Autowired private DeviceDao hibernateDevicDao; because there are two beans implementing the same interface.

Autowiring in Spring

The question: Is it possible to configure the beans so that 1. I don't have to make changes to existing classes, which already have the HibernateDeviceDao autowired 2.

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Apparently my interpretation was not correct, though, as this results in the following error message when starting the server: Unsatisfied dependency of type [class com. JdbcDeviceDao]: expected at least 1 matching bean coming from the class where I've tried autowiring the bean with a qualifier: Autowired Qualifier "jdbcDeviceDao" Solution: skaffman's suggestion to try the Resource annotation worked.

Kronen 3 3 silver badges 18 18 bronze badges. If I use this interface at places in the code, and I want to switch all to another implementation I don't want to change qualifier or resource annotations at all places.Handling multiple autowire candidates with Primary is effective when only one primary candidate can be determined for multiple autowire candidates. When you need more control over the selection process, you can use spring Qualifier annotation.

The Qualifier annotation allows you to associate a given name with a specific bean type. Thus autowiring by type and by name, to narrow the autowire dependency candidates to only one. The Qualifier annotation may be used on a field, method or parameter as a qualifier for candidate beans when autowiring. This makes the autowiring by type and by name.

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Thus reducing and specifying the correct type for autowire dependency injection. The Repository is a special marker annotation. When component scanning is enabled, spring will automatically pick it up and create a bean definition to make it available for autowiring. We provide a package name which spring will recursively scan for other components.

We bootstrap the application by loading the spring xml configuration file using the ClassPathXmlApplicationContext. Afterwards we get a reference of the SellPhone bean on which we invoke the save method. This is the produced output of the previous code. As you can see, both autowired dependencies are injected. May 13, June 15, October 12, I see that you used Field autowiring with Qualifier to wire the two dependencies.

But how is this done using constructor autowiring? To inject 2 beans of the same type using constructor dependency injection you can use the named Qualifier before the argument type. If we have same implementation class how it can be done how we can created two different instances of class and inject as bean. You can use the Qualifier "nameOfBean" to indicate which implementation you want to autowire.

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